Modern fashion began with Charles Frederick Worth, who was the first designer to have his own label sewn into his garments. As in the fashion world today, Worth dictated what the fashion of the day was, telling his customers what to wear as opposed to them telling him what to design for them. For the longest time, until well after World War II, the fashion world was centered around Paris, France.
The 1960s brought a whole new outlook on fashion, with shorter skirts and straightened curves that were akin to the fashion of the 1920s. Fashion at this time became not just a French affair, but a worldwide business, with centers of fashion in London, the United States, and in Paris, France, of course.
Through the 70s, 80s, 90s, and into the current era, fashion grew to a multi-million-dollar-a-year business. The industry changes according the whims of the fashion designers around the world, though designers in Europe, especially in Italy, still have a major say in fashion trends today.